Soft tissue sarcoma is rare cancer type that starts in the soft tissues of the body. Soft tissues are tissues that support or connect other organs or body parts. These are muscles, nerves, fat, tendons, ligaments, blood vessels, deep skin tissues, and synovial tissues (joint lining). Most often, soft tissue sarcomas develop in the limbs. But it can begin and spread anywhere in the body.
Types of Soft Tissue Sarcomas
There are a number of soft tissue sarcoma types. Some are common, others are rare. Some soft tissue sarcomas mainly affect adults; while others can develop in people of all age groups.
Causes and Risk Factors
Cancer develops due to cell mutations. However, the exact cause of soft tissue sarcoma is not known.
Some risk factors are:
In the early stages, there are no noticeable symptoms of soft tissue sarcoma. Overtime, a person with soft tissue sarcoma can experience the following main symptoms
In the later stages, other symptoms may depend on the type of sarcoma. Some of these can be
As the symptoms of soft tissue sarcoma are not present or noticeable in the early stages, it is wise to see a doctor if there is one or more lumps in the body that has increased in size or is tender to touch.
Diagnosis: The doctor may use one or more of the following tests to diagnose soft tissue sarcoma.
Treatment: Depending on the type and size of the soft tissue sarcoma, the treatment options for the cancer may be the following
With proper knowledge about their specific soft tissue sarcoma type, patients can make informed choice about their treatment options.